Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Summary

The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Summary: What You Need to Know

As the United Kingdom (UK) prepares to leave the European Union (EU), understanding the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement is essential. The agreement outlines the terms of the UK’s departure and provides a framework for future relations between the two entities. This article will provide a summary of the Brexit Withdrawal Agreement and its key points.

The Transition Period:

The Withdrawal Agreement establishes a transition period that began on February 1, 2020, and is set to end on December 31, 2020. During this period, the UK will continue to follow EU rules and regulations, and the two entities will negotiate their future relationship.

Citizens` Rights:

The agreement protects the rights of UK and EU citizens living in each other`s territories. This means that citizens who legally reside in the UK and EU will maintain their rights, including access to healthcare, pensions, and social security benefits.

Financial Settlement:

The UK will pay a financial settlement to the EU to settle its outstanding obligations. This settlement includes payments for the UK`s share of EU liabilities, commitments, and the cost of EU staff pensions.

Irish Border:

The Withdrawal Agreement includes a protocol for the management of the border between Northern Ireland (part of the UK) and the Republic of Ireland (an EU member). This protocol ensures that there will be no hard border between the two countries, which was one of the most contentious issues during the Brexit negotiations.


The Withdrawal Agreement establishes a Joint Committee to oversee its implementation. The committee will be made up of representatives from the UK and the EU and will have the power to resolve any disputes that arise.

Future Relationship:

The Withdrawal Agreement provides a framework for the future relationship between the UK and the EU. Negotiations for this relationship will take place during the transition period, with the aim of reaching a comprehensive agreement before the end of 2020.


The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement is a complex document, but its key points are essential to understanding the UK`s departure from the EU. The agreement addresses issues related to citizens` rights, the financial settlement, the Irish border, governance, and the future relationship between the two entities. While there is still much to be negotiated, the Withdrawal Agreement provides a starting point for the UK and the EU to move forward.

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